Bacteria on their own can be picked off one by one.
Dental plaque is a sticky, clear (often invisible) film of bacteria that forms on the teeth – both above and below the gum line.
If not removed, it can harden to form tartar
Plaque is stronger and harder to defeat.
Gingivitis is the inflammation of the gums. If left untreated, it may lead to periodontitis.
Periodontitis is the severe infection that causes loss of attachment of the teeth from the gums.
• Swollen gums
• Gums that bleed easily when brushing or flossing
• Presence of calculus (tartar) which is a form of hardened plaque
• Halitosis (chronic bad breath)
• In severe cases, shaky teeth and loss of teeth
Dental cavities are caused when bacteria from plaque feed on sugar from food to produce acid over time. This acid destroys tooth enamel and forms cavities (holes in your teeth).
Plaque bacteria stinks so it also causes bad breath.